Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. Osteoporosis develops when the piece of new bone formation can not keep up whit the loss of bone.
Osteoporosis is a silent disease. If it not prevented or left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks ( tipically in the hip, spine, and wrist)
Risk factors for osteoporosis:
- getting older – this is because bone density naturally decreases with age
- being a woman (female) – having early menopause raises the risk.
- having a family history of osteoporosis
- medical condition ( Cushing’s disease, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.)
Risc factors you can change:
- not enough Calcium and D vitamin in the diet
- being inactive, not getting enough exercise
- drinking too much alcohol- alcohol makes it hard to build new bone.
- smoking ( women who smoke don’t get the bone-protective estrogen)
- taking certain medicines, hormones
Prevention of osteoporosis
Early detection and timely treatment of osteoporosis can substantially decrease the risk of future fractures.
The good news is that osteoporosis is now a largelly treatable condition and, with a combination of life changes many factures can be avoided.
1. Eat a balanced diet, rich in Calcium, and D vitamin:
Foods that should be in your diet:
- milk and dairy products
- vegetables ( especially kidney beans. broccoli )
- salmon, sardines
- Calcium supplements
Foods to reduce:
- frozen food
2. Exercise, (physical therapy) on a regular basis also helps to preserve bone mass and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Multiple studies have shown that regular exercise is good for preventing osteoporosis
3. Don’t smoke, dont drink too much alkohol!
Physical therapy for osteoporosis is one of the best way to fight this disease. Physical therapy for osteoporosis begins a through physical evaluation where, the physical therapist, identifies restrictions imbalances and, specifically, what movements the patient is capable of or is limited to doing.
Physical therapists at Sulypont Pain and Rehabilitation Clinic are trained and have experience working with individuals diagnosed with osteoporosis. Physical therapy and a special individualized home exercise program are the necessary components to reduce your risk of osteoporosis and return to your lifestyle pain free again!