The knee is made up of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles.
The four main bones:
- Femur (thigh bone) – the longest and the largest bone in the body, part of the hip joint and part of the knee joint
- Tibia (shinbone, shankbone) – is the larger and stronger of the two bones int the leg below the knee, and connects the knee with the ankle bones.
- Fibula (calf bone) – is placed on lateral side of the tibia, with which it is connected above and below, and forms the lateral part of the ankle joint
- Patella (knee cap, kneepan) – is a thick bone, which articulates with the femur and covers and protects the anterior surface of the knee joint. (more…)