Scoliosis: is a medical condition in wich a person’s spine is curved from side to side, and is more often diagnosed in females.
Scoliosis is typically classified as either congenital (caused by vertebral anomalies present at birth) idiopatic (cause unknown) or neuromuscular (having developed as a secondary symptom of another condition, such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy, spinal muscular atrophy or physical trauma, etc.)
In the case of the most common form of scoliosis, adolescent idiopatic scoliosis, there is no clear causal agent and it is generally belived to be multifaceted.( Kouwenhoven, J&Castelein, R 2008, The pathogenesis of Adolescent Idiopatic Scoliosis, Spine, vol33, no 26, pp. 2898-2908)
Prognosis for Adolescent Idiopatic Scoliosis:
The prognosis of scoliosis depend on the likelihood of progression. The general rules of progression are that larger curves a higher risc progression than smaler curves, and that thoracic and double primary curves carry a higher risc of progression than single lumbar or thoracolumbar curves.