Joint types, joint ranges of motion

Joint Types:
Even though there are more than 180 joints in the body, when it comes to moving you around, they can be broken down into 3 types:                              
1. ball and socket joints
2. hinge joints
3. multiple joints.

The larger ball and socket joints located at your pelvis and the smaller ball and socket joints of the shoulder comprise your core structure.
The 4 limbs then follow the pattern of a strong but less flexible hinge joint followed by a more flexible multiple joint. (more…)


Gout is considered a chronic and progressive disease, that results from an overload of uric acid in the body. It is caused by the overaccumulation of uric acid in the body, when the kidneys cannot remove the excess from the blood as quckly as it is produced. It is deposited in joints as tiny urate crystals, which produce inflammation and sharp pain.
In acute causes of gout, the joint of the big toe is commonly affected (red-, big toe). Other joints may also affected: foot, knee, ankle. The most common sign of gout is a nighttime attack of swelling, tenderness, redness, and extremely pain.
Gout is nine times more common in men (usually after age of 30) than in women. In women the disease occur after menopause.

Carpal tunnel syndroma

The symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve that runs through the wrist.

The risk factors associated whit the development of carpal tunnel syndrome are:

  • Inflamation of the wrist,
  • RA (rheumatoid arthritis),
  • Wrist trauma, fracture,
  • Repetitive hand movements,
  • Position of extreme wrist flexion and extension,
  • Endocrin disorders (diabetes, hypothyroidism),
  • Pregnency,
  • Alkoholism (more…)

The brachial plexus injuries

The brachial plexus innervates the shoulder girdle and upper limb, with contributions from the ventral rami of spinal nerves C5- T1

  • Spinal segment:  C5-C6 (Axillary nerve) innervates deltoid and teres minor muscles; and skin of shoulder
  • Spinal segment: C5-T1 (Radial nerve) innervates extensor muscles: triceps brachi, brachioradialis, extensor carpi radialis, and extensor carpi ulnaris; digital extensors, abductor pollicis; and skin of hte posterolateral surface of the arm
  • Spinal segment: C5-C7 (Musculocutaneous nerve) innervates flexor muscles: biceps brachii, brachialis and coracobrachialis; skin over lateral surface of the forearm
  • Spinal segment: C6-T1 (Median nerve) innervates flexor muscles on the forearm: flexor carpi radialis and palmaris longus; pronator quadratus, pronator teres; digital flexors; skin over anteriolateral surface of the hand
  • Spinal segment C8-T1 (Ulnar nerve) innervates flexor carpi ulnaris; adductor pollicis and small digital muscles; skin over medial surface of the hand.


Neck pain – Spondylosis cervicalis

A healthy  neck spine provides strength, is flexible, and allows movement in several planes. Seven vertebrae make up the cervical spine with eight pairs of cervical nerves (C1 through C8) Between each vertebra in the cervical spine are discs which act as cushions or shock absorbers and also permit some movement between the vertebral bodies. A complex system of ligaments, tendons, and muscles help to support and stabilize the cervical spine. Muscles also help to provide spinal balance and stability, and enable movement.



One of the primary functions of the hip joint is to stabilize the body

The hip joint is formed by the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis.

The surfaces of the femur head and the acetabulum are covered with a thin layer of hyaline cartilage which acts to allow smooth movement of the joint.


Knee arthrosis

Arthrosis is the most common joint disease, can affect all joints in the body.

Knee arthrosis (osteoarthrosis), the most common type of arthrosis, is a degeneration of the articular cartilage around a joint. When knee arthrosis develops, the cartilage undergoes gradual changes – loosing elasticity, hardening, and cracking, becoming more easily damaged and eroded by use or injury. The main symptoms are: pain, causing loss of abilitiy and often stiffness.


Vitamins you need!

  1. Vitamin A (retinol) promotes normal growth and development, fosters proper eyesight, mantains clear, healty skin and has been linked to cancer prevention. A vitamin is needed by the retina of the eye in the form of a specific metabolite, the light-absorbing moleculeretinal, that is absolutely necessary for both low-light (scotopic vision) and color vision.
    Fresh carrot or green juices contain an ambulance of pro-vitamin A (beta carotene). Pro-vitamin A is easily converted to usable vitamin A in the liver.  Unlike syntethic vitamin A, which is toxic in high  doses, pro-vitamin A from food sources is safe even in large amounts.

Corporate background

Súlypont Pain and Rehabilitation Clinic ( SPRC) was founded in 1998 specializing in therapies resolving the causes of spine and joint ailments.


SÚLYPONT PAIN AND REHABILITATION CLINIC specializes in therapies resolving the causes of chronic joint ailments, and spine problems

Scientific background:

In order to continue their spectacular advances in space exploration, NASA and partner space research agencies are focusing intense effort on establishing a permanent station in space. Tremendous health challenges have arisen, however, as astronauts are required to spend ever longer spans of time in a weightless environment. The fundamental physiological principle “If you don’t use it, you’ll lose it.” is as true in space as it is on earth. In a weightless environment, therefore, research reveals that postural muscle tone declines 50% every ten days and bone mass (osteoporosis) declines 1% every 30 days before leveling off at the vastly lower levels of strength and function. As a result, intense research is underway on how to maintain maximum postural muscle tone and bone density despite long periods of static postures.